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  Most popular articles (Since April 30, 2021)

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Physiotherapy education in India: Is it time for reform?
Narasimman Swaminathan
July-December 2021, 5(2):35-37
  2,308 162 -
Awareness of ergonomics among remotely working information technology professionals during COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey
Nishi Madan Dugar, Nikita Rajendra Dodwad, Ashok Murari Shyam, Parag Kantilal Sancheti
July-December 2021, 5(2):47-51
Background: Ergonomics is the scientific study of human work. The objective of ergonomics is to obtain an effective match between the user and workstation to improve working efficiency, health, safety, comfort, and ease of use. Aim: The aim of this article is to assess ergonomic awareness among information technology (IT) professionals who are working remotely. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among IT professionals through a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 150 subjects were recruited in the study. The results were summarized using descriptive statistics. Results: Majority (75%) of the total subjects work for 7–9 h in a day for 6 days in a week without taking breaks at regular interval. Only 7% of the total participants utilized break for stretches and 21% participants walk around during break. The distance of monitor from the eyes of 18.66% of the participants was between 21 and 30 inches and for 2% of the participants it was greater than or equal to 31 inches; this shows that the majority of the participants did not place their monitor at appropriate distance. The study showed that there is lack of knowledge of sitting posture among the IT professionals working from home: 9% of the participants were lying on bed, 16% were seated on sofa, and 17% were sitting on bed. Chairs used by the participants in the study were 15.33% wooden, 19.33% plastic, and 13.33% other types. Conclusion: It was found that those majorities of the participants were unaware about the correct ergonomics and were unable to make modifications in their workstation.
  2,113 151 -
Immediate effects of toe spreader on balance in subacute and chronic stroke patients
Kavya Milind Shetty, Dinesh Gulab Chavhan, Ashok K Shyam, Parag K Sancheti
July-December 2021, 5(2):38-42
Background: Stroke is one of the commonest neurological disorders causing functional disability. Toe spreader is proven to improve gait in these patients but a study of its effect on balance was yet to be performed. Objective: The purpose of the study was to find out effect of toe spreader on functional and dynamic balance in subacute and chronic stroke patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty subjects were recruited in the study. Balance assessment was performed using Berg Balance Scale for functional and timed up and go test for dynamic balance. Both being tested first without the toe spreader and then immediately after toe spreader application and documented, respectively. Results: This study found out that around 87% of the subjects showed a reduction in time in the timed up and go test scores post-usage of toe spreader, whereas all subjects showed an enhancement in the total berg balance scale score. Paired t test was used for parametric data analysis whereas Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for non-parametric data analysis (level of significance being *P ≤ 0.05). The obtained *P value for Berg Balance Scale was 0.000 and timed up and go test was 0.001. Conclusion: The conclusion drawn from the results of this study is that toe spreader has a significant effect on improving the balance in subacute and chronic stroke patients.
  1,946 136 -
Perception of neurophysiotherapists in Maharashtra about scope of teleneurorehabilitation in chronic conditions
Shubham Khemchand Joshi, Dinesh Chavhan, Ashok Shyam, Parag Sancheti
July-December 2021, 5(2):52-58
Background: Telerehabilitation is a key component in the evolution of healthcare; so it is important to understand the scope and potential of telerehabilitation systems to meet as full a range as possible of user needs. Obstacles of telerehabilitation must be addressed before its implementation. So considering the above points, this study will help to find perception of neurophysiotherapist about scope, limitations, and obstacles of teleneurorehabilitation while treating chronic patients and the results of the study will help other clinicians in proper and accurate application of telerehabilitation for treating patients in future. Methods: After taking verbal consent from neurophysiotherapists in Maharashtra, a Google Form-based questionnaire about scope of teleneurorehabilitation was sent to them through their emails and social websites that were accessible to them and 134 neurophysiotherapists who fitted in inclusion criteria filled the Google Form. The responses were collected then descriptive analysis was done and results were obtained. Results: About 11.9% neurophysiotherapists feel that teleneurorehabilitation can be preferred over face to face visits while 88.1% do not feel it. About 55.2% agree that tele-neurorehabilitation can be used in stroke, 35.1% agree that it can be used in spinal cord injury, 62.7% agree that it can be used in Parkinsonism, 56% agree that it can be used in peripheral nerve injury. Discussion: According to this study, there is positive perception of teleneurorehabilitation among neurophysiotherapists in Maharashtra as it can be used in stroke, Parkinsonism, peripheral nerve injury but not spinal cord injury and they all agreed with effectiveness of teleneurorehabilitation in patient and family education, bed transfers, balance training, co-ordination training, environmental modifications of patient and motor learning but not in gait training. Conclusion: Neurophysiotherapists in Maharashtra have good perception about scope of teleneurorehabilitation but according to them, teleneurorehabilitation cannot substitute face to face rehabilitation but can be used as an adjunct.
  1,858 132 -
Impact of palliative care training on knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of undergraduate physiotherapy students: A pilot study
Iram Iram, Zubia Veqar
January-June 2022, 6(1):3-9
Background: In palliative care settings, patient comes with multiple symptoms. Hence, an interdisciplinary team is needed for effective management with physiotherapists being an essential part of the team. The level of knowledge, exposure, and practice in palliative care settings influence the extent of team participation and quality of care provided by the physiotherapy professionals. To the best of our knowledge, palliative care is not included in the undergraduate curriculum of physiotherapy in India till now. Hence, it is necessary to add palliative care to the undergraduate curriculum of physiotherapy students. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of education regarding palliative care on knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of final-year physiotherapy studentsMaterials and Methods: Final-year physiotherapy students were recruited according to the exclusion and inclusion criteria after taking ethical approval from the university’s ethical committee. They are provided with three educational sessions regarding palliative care. They were made to fill all the questionnaires (i.e., Knowledge questionnaire, FATCOD-B Scale, and Belief questionnaire) before and after the completion of the educational program. Data analysis: Data were assessed by the Shapiro–Wilk test for normality and paired t test was used for comparing before- and after-session scores. The significance level was set at P < 0.05. Results: After taking educational sessions there is an enhancement in the level of knowledge (pre-session 9.65 ± 2.10 and post-session 16.59 ± 1.81), development of more positive attitudes (pre-session score 87.50 ± 7.29 and post-session score 118.94 ± 7.56), and amplification in the belief system of the subjects towards palliative care (pre-session score 3.56 ± 0.613 and post-session score4.91 ± 0.29) at significance level P < 0.05. Conclusion: Palliative care educational program had positively influenced the subjects by bringing about statistically significant changes in the level of knowledge, positive attitudes, and beliefs. Palliative care education must be added to the curriculum of physiotherapy undergraduate courses because of the necessity in society, and the upgradation of the physiotherapy profession.
  1,763 111 -
Physical activity self-efficacy and its correlation with cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity levels, and sedentary time among urban school going adolescents: A cross-sectional analysis
Rajitha Alva, Sundar Kumar Veluswamy, Ridhi Verma, Priyanka Malla, Shalini Shivananjiah
July-December 2021, 5(2):63-67
Background: There is growing concern about reduction in physical activity and increase in sedentary time among children and adolescents. School health programs are being promoted by our government, but the usually suggested behavioral change interventions (BCIs) to improve physical behavior have not been tested in our school population. The BCIs are built on the premise that there is a relationship between constructs such as self-efficacy with physical activity and sedentary time. This study represents the pre-intervention data of an ongoing randomized controlled trial (RCT). Aim: The study aims to assess the relationship between physical activity self-efficacy and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), physical activity levels, and sedentary time. Participants: Participants were students of grades 7–9 from three private schools. Methods and Analysis: Following ethical approval, CTRI registration, and school and parent consent, 272 adolescents volunteering to participate in the RCT completed Self-Efficacy for Daily Physical Activity Questionnaire (SEPA), Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A), and Adolescent Sedentary Activity Questionnaire (ASAQ). CRF was assessed using a 20-m multistage shuttle run test and VO2 max was estimated using Leger’s formula. Descriptive statistics and correlation (Pearson’s and Spearman’s rank) between the variables were done in SPSS v.20. Results: Children (54% boys) had a mean age and body mass index of 12.8±0.9 years and 20.7±5 kg/m2, respectively. Mean of SEPA, ASAQ, and VO2 max were 58.2±23.2, 2662±1024 min, and 41±5.2 mL/kg/min, respectively. Majority (51%) had moderate levels of PA. There was a weak correlation of SEPA with PAQ-A (rs=0.31; P < 0.001), whereas there was no significant correlation of SEPA with other variables. Conclusion: Contrary to studies from western societies, SEPA did not correlate with CRF and sedentary time. There seems to be limitations in the construct of questionnaires in capturing self-efficacy and sedentary behavior in this population.
  1,709 118 -
Immediate effect of therapeutic positioning and breathing exercises on oxygen saturation in critically ill non-intubated COVID-19 patients: A retrospective study
Mariya P Jiandani, Urvi B Parmar, Reema S Rajam, Ekta N Patil, Santosh B Salagre
July-December 2021, 5(2):43-46
Background: COVID-19 presents with symptoms of fever, headache, dry cough, and dyspnea. Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is the most common complication occurring in 60%–70% of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Positioning and breathing exercise formed the mainstay of physiotherapy intervention in patients admitted to COVID ICU. This was primarily aimed at reducing the ventilation/perfusion mismatch. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the immediate effect of breathing exercise and positioning on oxygen saturation (SpO2). Materials and Methods: The available data of COVID-19 patients admitted to an ICU of a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai from June 5 to July 5, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographics and mode of oxygen delivery were noted. Changes in SpO2 after positioning and breathing exercises during a single session of treatment were analyzed using Wilcoxon paired signed-rank test with a level of significance at P < 0.05. Results: There was a statistically significant improvement in SpO2 after breathing exercises and prone positioning in all patients on oxygen supplementation. Side-lying positioning showed an improvement in oxygen saturation in patients who were on non-invasive ventilation and facemask. Conclusion: Both breathing exercises and positioning show an immediate improvement in oxygen saturation in patients with COVID-19.
  1,656 122 -
Awareness and practice of pre-trek physical conditioning among trekkers
Richa Rajesh Chopda, Nilima Bedekar, Ashok K Shyam, Parag K Sancheti
January-June 2022, 6(1):10-17
Background: Evidence shows that downhill walking induces high compressive loads on the lower extremities due to repetitive eccentric contractions of muscles. There is inadequate evidence about pre-trek physical training as a predisposing factor for injuries that laid the foundation for this study. Hence, this study focuses on understanding the awareness and practice of pre-trek physical conditioning among trekkers. Materials and Methods: The study was a questionnaire-based survey. Trekking groups were approached. A specially designed questionnaire was validated by experts. The questionnaire was circulated to the trekking group members via Google Form. An online consent was taken prior. The response thus obtained was taken up for further analysis. Results: A total of 251 respondents within the age group of 15–60 years participated. Only 30% of them regularly performed warm-up and cooldown exercises. 66.1% did not undergo any pre-trek physical training. 53.4% were aware of its importance; only 40.2% were aware but not practicing regularly. Most of the participants were aware of pre-trek physical conditioning domains being aerobic, resistance, and flexibility training but only 11.3% were aware of balance training. 32.3% regularly performed practice treks by carrying a backpack. A total of 14.3% participants regularly practiced pre-trek physical training. Conclusion: Participants lack awareness about the importance of warm-up, cooldown exercises, and balance training as a pre-trek physical training domain. Most of the participants are aware of aerobic and resistance training domains. Only 14.30% of the total participants are engaged in pre-trek physical training regularly.
  1,568 98 -
Submaximal exercises cause immediate reduction in the visual reaction time in normal individuals
Jui Dave, Pranjal Ashish Grover, Medha Deo
July-December 2021, 5(2):59-62
Context: Reaction time (RT) is the time taken by an individual to respond suitably and quickly to an appropriate stimulus. It is an objective indicator of the ability of the central nervous system to receive information and coordinate the most appropriate response. It is an important part of inherent balance response in a human being. Our sensory faculties of vision, hearing, and their respective RTs form the basis of our feedback mechanisms required for balance. Both are important factors in fall prevention strategies for the elderly. Physical exercises have innumerable benefits that are well documented except the possible effects on RT. This study is designed to see immediate effects of submaximal exercises on visual RT in healthy adults. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this article is to study the immediate effect of submaximal aerobic exercises on visual RT in healthy adults. Settings and Design: The study was a clinical trial with pre-test-post-test design conducted in community centers with convenient sampling. Materials and Methods: One hundred healthy adults in the age group of 18–55 years were selected. RT at rest was assessed using Inquisit 4.0 by Millisecond Software. There was 30 min of aerobic exercise in the form of walking with 70% heart rate response as submaximal aerobic exercise. Immediately after the RT was noted, analysis of data was done using the paired t-test. Results: There was a statistically significant reduction in visual RT after exercise from 293.16 to 272.78 ms (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Submaximal aerobic exercises reduce the visual RT immediately.
  1,512 96 -
Electromyography activity of quadratus lumborum in individuals with chronic knee osteoarthritis: A cross-sectional study
Shreya Pradhan, Soni Srikantaiah, Adrija Mukhopadhyay, Ramesh Debur Visweswara
January-June 2022, 6(1):18-22
Background: In osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee joint, a commonly seen gait alteration is lateral trunk lean gait. Quadratus lumborum (QL) has a role in controlling the pelvis and trunk during walking. This study has analyzed the electromyography (EMG) activity of QL muscle of the affected and nonaffected side during walking in individuals with chronic knee OA. Objectives: The objective of the study was to evaluate the muscle activation of QL in individuals with chronic knee OA during walking. Materials and Methods: EMG device, computer, video camera, abrasive gel (Nuprep gel), T20 paste, and two surface EMG triodes were used to record the QL muscle activity on the affected and nonaffected side. Twenty-seven patients with OA participated in the study. They were made to walk two rounds of 10 m distance and the EMG root mean square (RMS) value was noted down for both sides during the stance phase of the testing limb during walking activity. Results: Comparing the EMG activity of QL of the affected and nonaffected side, during the stance phase of walking, the result was found to be statistically nonsignificant, that is, P > 0.05. Conclusions: The results of this study found no difference in activity of QL in patients with OA between the affected and nonaffected sides.
  1,384 95 -
National Education Policy 2020: Call for reconfiguration of physiotherapy education and research in India
Rajani P Mullerpatan
January-June 2022, 6(1):1-2
  1,295 94 -
A survey conducted among physiotherapists to assess awareness on COVID-19 during the first and second waves in India
Shubham Menaria, Tittu Thomas James, Jarapla Srinivas Nayak, Shubhi Saxena, Pradnya Dhargave
January-June 2022, 6(1):23-26
Background: COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by novel coronavirus (SARS CoV-2). The mode of spread of the infection is through droplets and also through direct contact of contaminated surfaces. Measures such as social distancing and use of protective equipment are required to prevent the spread of infection. This study was designed to assess the awareness about COVID-19 among physiotherapists, during the two phases of lockdown. Materials and Methods: An online survey was conducted in two phases among 110 physiotherapists to assess their awareness and knowledge about the disease. The first phase of the study was done during the first COVID-19 wave in India between 25th and 30th of March 2020, and the second phase was conducted between 7th and 12th of May 2021 when the second wave of COVID-19 in India was at its peak. Results: It is essential for physiotherapists to understand COVID-19 as a disease and to know its mode of spread in order to take necessary precautions and measures within their working environment to prevent the spread of the disease. With the first phase of the study, we identified a need for educational and awareness programs in therapists and need of guidelines in order to implement effective and safe strategies in dealing with the patients during this pandemic. The second phase identified that better understanding existed in physiotherapists about the disease, with precautions taken at their workplace to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Conclusion: A better knowledge about COVID-19 was reflected among physiotherapists at the second lockdown phase than during the first lockdown.
  1,231 82 -
Correlation between sleep quality and physical activity among school-going children in South Delhi
Mosab Aldabbas, Tarushi Tanwar, Zubia Veqar
January-June 2022, 6(1):27-32
Background: Adolescents are going through major lifestyle as well as hormonal changes. To manage the stress of these changes, the first health risk behavior usually exhibited is lack of sleep and reduced physical activity (PA). Aims: The current study was designed to investigate the association among sleep, daytime sleepiness, and PA status of urban school-going children in South Delhi, India. Furthermore, it aims at finding out any existing gender bias (boys vs. girls). Materials and Methods: The study included 72 participants (47 males and 25 females) from a secondary school (11–13 years). The students completed the Physical Activity questionnaires for children, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Results: PA was not associated with sleep quality (r = −0.290) and daytime sleepiness (r = −0.099). Daytime sleepiness was correlated with sleep quality (r = 0.456; P < 0.01). It was further demonstrated that the level of PA of boys was higher than that of girls. Daytime sleepiness is more in girls 7.08 (3.45) than in boys 5.98 (3.18). There is a slight difference in the sleep quality among both genders: 4.44 (1.91) for girls and 4.45 (1.92) for boys. Conclusion: In school-going children from South Delhi, India, poor sleep quality was associated with daytime sleepiness and weakly associated with the level of PA. There exist gender differences in PA and daytime sleepiness between boys and girls. More research is required to confirm the causality between these variables.
  925 65 -
Perpetuating chronic injuries in the young sports’ person?
Raju K Parasher
0, 0(0):0-0
  260 3 -
JSIP Vol 3 Issue 2, 2019

July-December 2019, 3(2):27-94
Full text not available  [PDF]
  176 82 -
JSIP Volume 4, Issue 2 Final Aug 2020

July-December 2020, 4(2):57-106
Full text not available  [PDF]
  177 81 -
JSIP Vol 2 Issue 2 2018

July-December 2018, 2(2):47-65
Full text not available  [PDF]
  164 93 -
JSIP Vol 1 Issue 2 August 2017

July-December 2017, 1(2):30-78
Full text not available  [PDF]
  168 85 -
JSIP Vol 3 Issue 1 2019

January-June 2019, 3(1):1-26
Full text not available  [PDF]
  166 85 -
JSIP Vol 1 Issue 1 2017

January-June 2017, 1(1):1-29
Full text not available  [PDF]
  162 83 -
JSIP Vol 2 Issue 1 June 2018

January-June 2018, 2(1):1-46
Full text not available  [PDF]
  166 78 -
JSIP Volume 4, Issue 1, Feb 2020

January-June 2020, 4(1):1-56
Full text not available  [PDF]
  168 67 -
Journal SIP Vol 5 Issue 1 Final

January-June 2021, 5(1):1-33
Full text not available  [PDF]
  152 67 -